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Functional and non-functional requirements

In general, requirements are partitioned into functional requirements and non-functional requirements. Functional requirements are associated with specific functions, tasks or behaviours the system must support, while non-functional requirements are constraints on various attributes of these functions or tasks. In terms of the ISO quality characteristics for evaluation, the functional requirements address the quality characteristic of functionality while the other quality characteristics are concerned with various kinds of non-functional requirements. Because non-functional requirements tend to be stated in terms of constraints on the results of tasks which are given as functional requirements (e.g., constraints on the speed or efficiency of a given task), a task-based functional requirements statement is a useful skeleton upon which to construct a complete requirements statement. That is the approach taken in this work. It can be helpful to think of non-functional requirements as adverbially related to tasks or functional requirements: how fast, how efficiently, how safely, etc., is a particular task carried out by a particular system?



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